Early experiences and school readiness: A within and between exploration of the Opportunity Propensity Model


The Opportunity-Propensity Model (OPM) specifies that antecedents (demographics that predict opportunities and propensities occurring before formal schooling), opportunities (exposure to experiences afforded in the home, community, and school), and propensities (pre-existing skills that help children take advantage of opportunities) work in concert to explain individual differences in achievement. Recent work has also pointed towards transactional relations of academic and domain-general skills (working memory), which shares some overlap with the OPM. However, OPM has not been used to explain these transactions. Additionally, researchers have not used the OPM to predict between- versus within-person differences over time, though this might help provide insights on developmental patterns and educational practice. In this study, we use the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – 2010-2011 to examine the extent to which the OPM accounts for the transaction between mathematics and working memory.

Cognitive Development. 64, 101226.
Garret Hall
Garret Hall
Assistant Professor

I research children’s development of academic and behavioral skills, how contexts that shape that development, and the quantitative methods that are used to examine these areas.